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I am proud to be associated with ABA India, a not for profit organization engaged in studying and applying the science of behavioral analysis in treating autistic disorder. ABA India is organizing the 1st ABA Conference in India...

VVS Laxman
Ace Indian Cricketer
Good Will Ambassador for ABA - India


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ABA India is a not for profit organization supported by parents of individuals with Autism, practitioners and caregivers in this special field. I'm proud to be associated with the organization as a "Goodwill Ambassador"...

Gautam Gambhir
Ace Indian Cricketer
Good Will Ambassador for ABA - India


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I' m honored to be associated with ABA India as a "Goodwill Ambassador" for the First Asia Pacific Conference in Bangalore on December 11-12, 2010. I support the work that ABA - India, has set out to do in India...

Farouque Sheikh
Film Actor & Theatre Personality


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HomeEarly Intervention
 
Early Intervention-What Research in ABA says
 
Autism can now be diagnosed at a very early age. Children with autism have difficulties in orienting towards social stimuli like responding to name call or looking in a certain direction when shown something, they have poor social gaze and avoid eye contact, they also show deficits in joint attention and motor imitations. (Dawson, Meltzoff, &Osterling, 1995). Research suggests children who received "Early Intensive Behavioral Intervention" of approx 25 - 40 hours of therapy / week at ages between 2.8 years to 4.5 years show improvements in IQ between 15 - 24 points in a period of 1 - 5 years. Improvements were specifically observed in language use, cognition, and motor skills.

Teaching children early to attend to more than one stimuli in the environment ( Koegel&Schreibman, 1977), and addressing attention problems (Lovaas, 1987; Rogers &DiLalla, 1991), had significant effects on reducing autism related symptoms.

Children with autism often fail to spontaneously imitate others (Curcio, 1978). Imitation is a fundamental way of learning various skills from parents, peers and others; thus development of imitation of vocal and motor skills early on, has a direct influence on development of social skills too.

Language impairments are present in all individuals with ASD including deficits in pragmatics and discourse processes for individuals with Asperger's syndrome (Eigsti et al, 2011). However development of language and communication in children with autism is directly related to motivational issues as children with autism are not motivated to communicate and share. This makes teaching children with autism quite difficult making it necessary to contrive situations around the child's natural preferences (Koegel& Johnson, 1989) to develop communication.

Early intervention is mostly done in 1:1 and 1:2 structured settings which are supported by generalization of skills in natural environments.

Innumerable researches support the claim that early intervention benefit children with a diagnoses of ASD (Rapin, 1997; Rogers, 1996; Strain et al, 1998). Teaching should be preferably as per the child's needs and developmentally appropriate practices and favourable results have been found for the following intervention techniques (Charlop-Christy et al, 2002; Greenspan et al, 1998; Ozonoff&Cathcart, 1998): Discrete trial training (Lovaas, 1987), pivotal response training (Schreibman&Koegel, 1996), incidental teaching (McGee et al, 1999), structured teaching (Lord et al, 1993), augmentative communication systems of PECS & modified sign language ( Carr et al, 1978)
   
 
 
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